# Deriving the Figures

I said I wasn’t going to get into the specifics of geomancy, but I suppose this site wouldn’t be complete without an explanation of how to derive all of the geomantic figures in a reading. See below for a detailed (if somewhat grudgingly offered) explanation of the method of deriving geomantic figures in a reading.

First, you need to form the four Mothers (see the Method page to learn how to do this); the rest of the figures are derived from the Mothers. I like to think of it in terms of ancestry. The Mothers are the ancestors; the rest of the figures are the descendants (4 Daughters, 4 Nieces, 2 Witnesses, and a Judge).

Before I go any further, it is important to note that each of the horizontal lines that make up a geomantic figure have two labels/names – a body part association, and an elemental association.

The top line is the fire line, the head. The second line is the air line, the neck. The third line is the water line, the body. The fourth line is the earth line, the feet. Here is a geomantic figure with the lines labeled:

* *    Neck – Air

* *    Body – Water

*     Feet – Earth

### Forming the Daughters

The first Daughter is formed from the Fire lines of the 4 Mothers. The fire line of Mother 1 (M1) becomes the fire line of the first Daughter (D1). The fire line of M2 becomes the air line of D1. The fire line of M3 becomes the water line of D1. The fire line of M4 becomes the earth line of D1.

To say it another way, the 1st line of the first Mother become the first line of the 1st Daughter. The 1st line of M2 becomes the 2nd line of D2. The 1st line of M3 becomes the 3rd line of D1. The first line of M4 becomes the 4th line of D1.

Here’s a diagram for visual learners:

The remaining Daughters are formed the same way, always moving right to left, and top to bottom. In other words, the first Daughter is formed from the fire lines of the 4 Mothers, the 2nd Daughter is formed from the air lines of the Mothers, the 3rd Daughter is formed from the water lines of the Mothers, and the 4th Daughter is formed from the earth lines of the Mothers.

Once you have formed the Daughters, place them to the left of the Mothers in the geomantic shield, in numerical order from right to left.

Mothers and Daughters in the Shield

The remaining figures are derived a bit differently. Click here to continue to Part 2.